Thursday, November 10, 2022

Apex Ords Operator for Kubernetes


We often need to provision Apex and Ords for Dev, Stage, Prod. 
This is the operator to automate Apex Oracle Application Express 19.1 and Ords oracle rest data service via Kubernetes CRD, it creates a brand new Oracle 19c database statefulset, apex, ords deployment plus load balancer in the Kubernetes cluster


Full details and source codes are on GitHub repository


Tuesday, November 08, 2022

OKE Admission Control Webhook Sample


We need to implement a policy requested by the security team that Kubernetes service should have an annotation : None Thus no security list will be updated by Kubernetes. This is an example that how we build our own admission controller which implements various policies from security or other teams. ie we can add only internal load balancer is allowed for internal service.....etc


  • Please refer github repo
  • git clone
  • go build -o oke-admission-webhook
  • docker build --no-cache -t repo-url/oke-admission-webhook:v1 .
  • rm -rf oke-admission-webhook
  • docker push repo-url/oke-admission-webhook:v1
  • ./deployment/ --service oke-admission-webhook-svc --namespace kube-system --secret oke-admission-webhook-secret
  • kubectl replace --force -f deployment/validatingwebhook.yaml
  • kubectl replace --force -f deployment/deployment.yaml
  • kubectl replace --force -f deployment/service.yaml


Sunday, July 25, 2021

Kubectl Plugin for Oracle Database


We often need to provision new oracle databases for developers
This is the kubectl plugin to automate the creation of oracle database statefulset in the Kubernetes cluster


Full details and source codes are on the GitHub repository


Wednesday, July 14, 2021

Tip: Understand why no user concept in Kubernetes Authentication

 One main authentication mechanism in K8S is:   CA, Certificate, Key

There is no "user"  concept in K8S. Instead, it uses the client private key to identify the "user"

The workflow is like this:

  • Users(clients) have their private keys. These keys represent their unique id in K8S.
  • Go through the CSR approval process with these keys. We can add CN like user "John" into the CSR process to have a readable "user" id.
  • Once CSR is approved, we can get a signed certificate of the private key representing the user "John"
  • Then we can authenticate in K8S via  CA, Certificate, Key

Thursday, July 01, 2021

Pass CKA Exam Tips

On Thursday, I passed the CKA exam with a 93 score mark and get the certificate. I share some tips on how I achieve that.

  • 17 questions in 2 hours. 
  • Don't worry about copy and paste. You can copy it by clicking it when your mouse hovers on the "important text".
  • Read each question carefully. Always understand questions before starting to do it. Check the weight of each question. The high weight means more mark points in the question. 
  • Skip the difficult questions and make sure you get easy marks.  Only a 66 score mark is needed to pass the exam. 
  • Practise and create examples for each test point in the CKA curriculum
  • Strongly recommend this udemy course.  The practice and mock exams are great to prepare for CKA exams.
  • Practise all commands in the kubectl cheatsheet